Beginning Chess : Simple guide to move rules and strategies

Bernie Hubble
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Beginning Chess : A simple guide to move rules and strategies

The United States Chess Federation reports that there are approximately 25 million chessplayers in the United States alone. While that’s quite impressive, the general assumption is that most of them are beginner level players.

That’s a fair assumption. Reports show that people start to play chess in their early childhood, somewhere between the ages of five and ten.

Some people play through childhood, while most quit at some point.

This means that by the time you reach adulthood, you have probably forgotten how to play chess well.

So why should you learn it all over again?

The answer is simple:

Trying to learn and master a game of chess is a great way to exercise your brain.

New research found that the advanced level players (over the age of 60) perform better and experience less cognitive decline than other adults the same age.

The researchers discovered that people who played chess more than once per week experienced less cognitive declines in comparison with others the same age.

Furthermore, people who played chess (at least one game) per week, several years before they entered the study, did just as well on cognitive tests as others their age.

Other studies suggest that practicing chess can actually improve your brain function, but we will need more research to confirm all these assumptions.

Beginning a chess game

Begin the chess game with 8 pawns on each side, 2 rooks, 2 bishops, 2 knights, 1 queen, and one king.

The Queen can move in any direction across the board, but without jumping over other pieces, and any number of squares without restriction. The Queen is the most powerful piece on the board, when it is faced to its full potential.

Chess board rules

Chess board is a square board divided into smaller squares with alternating colors, called light and dark or black and white. The opposite corners of the board are white and dark colored.

The chessboard come in various sizes, which are standardized by the international agreement and regulation. The most common size of chessboard is the 8 x 8 board (which has 64 squares).

Move rules for the pieces

Chess pieces have a few simple rules governing how they move. For example, most pieces move in a straight line unless they have special instructions. Also, pieces cannot move through other pieces. The only exception to this rule is the knight, which can jump over another piece.

Each piece, as well as chess players, have an identity. The most important piece is the king. Some basic moves for the king include moving one space directly forward, one space diagonally in any direction, and moving one space sideways or backwards.

The queen also moves differently from most other pieces. The queen moves as many fields forward as there's space, same for sideways or diagonally and directly forwards. The queen can also move two spaces diagonally.

Other pieces have moves that are somewhat different from a standard pawn move. Pawns move one space forwards and one space diagonally forwards when taking an opponent's piece.

Special Moves

Check- check is a move that threatens to capture an enemy pawn. It is a powerful move and can become the key for winning. The player is obligated to move the king away from the check, otherwise it would be captured.

Castle- castle is a move that needs to be made by the king and the rook in their original square. The king and rook should be placed next to the each other and trade spots. It is a safe move since it protects the king and the king’s men immediately. The opponent should be careful when making this move. This is a special move since it can be done in the middle of a game. It is risky and will stir up the game. However, you can't cross through check to perform the move. White moves the King two squares towards the rook, and the rook moves to the square that the king just moved from.

Promotion- promotion is a move that occurs when a pawn reaches the number eight row at the other end of the gameboard. It allows the pawn to be a knight, bishop, queen or a rook of the player's color. It is a special move since it can alternate the type of combat strategy. It will create an unpredictable effect on the game when it occurs.

Chess strategies

Think of chess like a battle. This is the first and most important rule. Each piece has it’s own specific purpose, and each piece is different in it’s own way.

By learning chess strategies and tactics, you’ll have an edge over your opponent. The more chess you play, the better you’ll feel about each of your moves and the more confident you’ll be in your abilities.

Here are some basic chess strategies to give you a head start.

Castling is one of those things that should be easy enough to remember, but always seem to throw you off in the heat of battle.

Bishop is the only piece in the game that moves exclusively in a diagonal way and that’s why your opponent will try the best to use it to it’s greatest potential.

What to consider when

You take a chess pawn?

A pawn is an abstract piece, which moves and captures in only after that the intermediate file. When a pawn reaches a file self, it has the option of moving one space further along same file in the same manner.

It is immovable if it is obstructed by either an enemy pawn or by the side of the board, so the pawn can’t move forward from that point.

A pawn is a digital move that may only move forward and capture on the chessboard row. Additionally, a pawn moves diagonally forward and can capture any enemy piece, as long as that piece is also moving diagonally. It’s important to note that a pawn can't move more than one square forward.

Further by default, a pawn may move two squares forward on its first move and first move only. Upon reaching that square, it may move forward or sideways to another square.

After reaching the final rank, the pawn can promote to a piece that's worth one more value, such as a queen, rook, knight or bishop.

Opening the game

White begins the game by moving a piece from his ORIGINAL starting position.

Moving a pawn in chess is the easiest rule to remember. White pawns can only move forward, one square at a time, but may only capture diagonally. Pawns can safely pass each other without capturing.

Fact: Capturing is the only way to beat your opponent to the game board.

Middle game

Mid game of a chess game is defined as that part that occurs after the opening, but before the end game.

Like in the opening, the middle game also has its own conventions, some of which will be described in the next few paragraphs.

During a middle game, the opening stage may constrain the development of pieces and lead to a specific imbalanced position.

Different developing pieces may be subject to control of other pieces, some of which cannot be brought into action due to the restrictions.

If such a balance of forces in the center breaks down, the game can end by transfer of advantage to a player. This is called giving up. You can also agree that a tie is inevitable and agree to tie the game.

The middle game, or mid-game, is the stage of the chess game where the opening is completed and most of the pieces have been developed. Most players use this part of the game, however, to complete their development of pieces such that they get ready for a strong attack on the kingside and center or to prepare an attack in the opposite corner or to conduct a strong defense, usually to the king.

End of game

When all the pieces of one player are captured, that player lost the game. However, what really matters is when the king is captured or set checkmate. That's when the game is over.